Publications by Bhaso Ndzendze

Books by Bhaso Ndzendze.

– and also some reports and a groundbreaking new journal.

The BRICS Order: Assertive or Complementing the West? by David Monyae and Bhaso Ndzendze
Beginner’s Dictionary of Contemporary International Relations by Bhaso Ndzendze
Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies in International Relations by Bhaso Ndzendze and Tshilidzi Marwala
Youth Unemployment, COVID-19, and Technology by Bhaso Ndzendze and Gift Sonkqayi
What is Africa’s Digital Agenda? Olumide Abimbola, Faten Aggad and Bhaso Ndzendze
Turning Crisis into Opportunity? Agricultural Exports to China During the Trade War? by Bhaso Ndzendze

I am also editor-in-chief of the newly established Digital Policy Studies. Our first issue is to come out in May of 2022.

Below is a list of some articles, papers, books, book chapters and reports published by Bhaso Ndzendze

Selected Peer Reviewed Papers and Book Chapters

  • 2019: ‘Is there a Reverse Correlation in Growth of Japanese and Chinese Exports to Africa? Evidence from South Africa, Kenya and Uganda, 2007-2017‘, Tamkang Journal of International Affairs.
  • 2019: ‘China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Linkages with the African Union’s Agenda 2063 in Historical Perspective,’ Transnational Corporations Review.
  • 2020: ‘Domestic Audiences and Economic Opportunity Cost: African Democratisation as a Determinant in the Recognition of China over Taiwan, 2001–2018,’ Journal of Asian and African Studies.
  • 2020: ‘Turning Crisis into Opportunity? African Agricultural Exports during the Trade War,’ South African Institute of International Affairs.
  • 2020: ‘Inversely Correlated? Comparing EU-27 and Chinese Exports to South Africa, 2007-2018,’ The European Foreign Affairs Review.
  • 2021: Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies in International Relations (World Scientific Press).
  • 2021: ‘Autochthonous Routes to Democracy: Assessing the BRICS Polities,’ The BRICS Order (Palgrave Macmillan).
  • 2021: ‘Strains in Sino-Indian Relations: Whither the BRICS?,’ The BRICS Order (Palgrave Macmillan).
  • 2021: ‘The Fourth Industrial Revolution in South Africa,’ Oxford Handbook of the South African Economy (Oxford University Press).
  • 2021: ‘BRICS and the Economics of Terrorism,’ Latin American Report.
  • 2021: The BRICS Order: Assertive or Complementing the West? – co-editor (Palgrave Macmillan).


  • Africa: The Continent we Construct (2015: Verity Publishers).
  • Beginner’s Dictionary of Contemporary International Relations (2017: University of the Witwatersrand, Department of International Relations; and The National Library of South Africa).
  • Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies in International Relations (2021: World Scientific Press).
  • The BRICS Order: Assertive or Complementing the West? (2021: Palgrave Macmillan).
  • China and the Others: The Evolution of Sino-South African Trade in the Asia-Pacific Regional Context, 1997-2018 (forthcoming).

Overview of theoretical and policy contributions

  • A discovery of the determinants of African countries’ diplomatic switches from Taiwan to Mainland China by locating democracy (electoral accountability) as a source of bottom-up pressure in the making of foreign policy.
  • Discovered the problem of information asymmetry in legitimacy appraisals during escalations of interstate disputes among East African countries.
  • Demonstration of a lack of inverse correlation in African imports from China and traditional partners (EU and US) and Japan, thereby problematising assumptions about choice.
  • A model of how artificial intelligence has reshaped state logics in foreign policy and security considerations (democratic peace and economic independence).
  • A study of the implications of the US-China trade war (2018-2020) for the City of Johannesburg.
  • Recommendations on the implications of the 4IR for African languages to the Universities South Africa (USAf) Community of Practice on Language.
  • Advised policymakers and private sector actors on digital opportunities presented by the US-China (Huawei-Google) trade war (especially search engines).

Thought leadership platforms

  • Mail and Guardian
  • The Daily Maverick
  • The Sunday Independent
  • The Thinker
  • Thought Leader
  • Ubuntu Magazine

Ongoing research projects

  • Africa-China Infrastructural and Industrial Cooperation: Empirical Findings and Conceptual Implications (with the China-Africa Joint Research and Exchange Programme)
  • Africa and Global Digital Policy Currents (with APRI)
  • US-Africa Technology Transfers (with ACSUS)
  • Good Governance, Participatory Democracy, and Social Justice (supported by the Ford Foundation)
  • Asia-Pacific Regional Competition and the Evolution of Sino-South African Trade.

Other Publications

Book Reviews

  • The Eagle and the Springbok by Adekeye Adebajo (Jacana, 2018: Johannesburg) in International Affairs.
  • Toussaint Louverture: A Black Jacobin in the Age of Revolutions by Charles Forsdick and Christian Høgsbjerg (Pluto/Wits University Press, 2017: Johannesburg) in The Thinker.
  • From the Outside In by Chris Landsberg and Lesley Masters (Jacana, 2018: Johannesburg) in The Thinker.
  • China and India’s Development Cooperation in Africa: The Rise of Southern Powers by Philani Mthembu (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018: London) in International Affairs.