Dr. Bhaso Ndzendze — University of Johannesburg

Publications by Bhaso Ndzendze

Below is a list of some articles, papers, books, book chapters and reports published by Bhaso Ndzendze

Selected Peer Reviewed Papers and Book Chapters

  • 2019: ‘Is there a Reverse Correlation in Growth of Japanese and Chinese Exports to Africa? Evidence from South Africa, Kenya and Uganda, 2007-2017’, Tamkang Journal of International Affairs.
  • 2019: ‘China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Linkages with the African Union’s Agenda 2063 in Historical Perspective,’ Transnational Corporations Review.
  • 2020: ‘Domestic Audiences and Economic Opportunity Cost: African Democratisation as a Determinant in the Recognition of China over Taiwan, 2001–2018,’ Journal of Asian and African Studies.
  • 2020: ‘Turning Crisis into Opportunity? African Agricultural Exports during the Trade War,’ South African Institute of International Affairs.
  • 2020: ‘Inversely Correlated? Comparing EU-27 and Chinese Exports to South Africa, 2007-2018,’ The European Foreign Affairs Review.
  • 2021: Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies in International Relations (World Scientific Press).
  • 2021: ‘Autochthonous Routes to Democracy: Assessing the BRICS Polities,’ The BRICS Order (Palgrave Macmillan).
  • 2021: ‘Strains in Sino-Indian Relations: Whither the BRICS?,’ The BRICS Order (Palgrave Macmillan).
  • 2021: ‘The Fourth Industrial Revolution in South Africa,’ Oxford Handbook of the South African Economy (Oxford University Press).
  • 2021: ‘BRICS and the Economics of Terrorism,’ Latin American Report.
  • 2021: The BRICS Order: Assertive or Complementing the West? – co-editor (Palgrave Macmillan).


  • Africa: The Continent we Construct (2015: Verity Publishers).
  • Beginner’s Dictionary of Contemporary International Relations (2017: University of the Witwatersrand, Department of International Relations; and The National Library of South Africa).
  • Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies in International Relations (2021: World Scientific Press).
  • The BRICS Order: Assertive or Complementing the West? (2021: Palgrave Macmillan).
  • China and the Others: The Evolution of Sino-South African Trade in the Asia-Pacific Regional Context, 1997-2018 (forthcoming).

Overview of theoretical and policy contributions

  • A discovery of the determinants of African countries’ diplomatic switches from Taiwan to Mainland China by locating democracy (electoral accountability) as a source of bottom-up pressure in the making of foreign policy.
  • Discovered the problem of information asymmetry in legitimacy appraisals during escalations of interstate disputes among East African countries.
  • Demonstration of a lack of inverse correlation in African imports from China and traditional partners (EU and US) and Japan, thereby problematising assumptions about choice.
  • A model of how artificial intelligence has reshaped state logics in foreign policy and security considerations (democratic peace and economic independence).
  • A study of the implications of the US-China trade war (2018-2020) for the City of Johannesburg.
  • Recommendations on the implications of the 4IR for African languages to the Universities South Africa (USAf) Community of Practice on Language.
  • Advised policymakers and private sector actors on digital opportunities presented by the US-China (Huawei-Google) trade war (especially search engines).

Thought leadership platforms

  • Mail and Guardian
  • The Daily Maverick
  • The Sunday Independent
  • The Thinker
  • Thought Leader
  • Ubuntu Magazine

Ongoing research projects

  • Africa-China Infrastructural and Industrial Cooperation: Empirical Findings and Conceptual Implications (with the China-Africa Joint Research and Exchange Programme)
  • Africa and Global Digital Policy Currents (with APRI)
  • US-Africa Technology Transfers (with ACSUS)
  • Good Governance, Participatory Democracy, and Social Justice (supported by the Ford Foundation)
  • Asia-Pacific Regional Competition and the Evolution of Sino-South African Trade.

Other Publications

Book Reviews

  • The Eagle and the Springbok by Adekeye Adebajo (Jacana, 2018: Johannesburg) in International Affairs.
  • Toussaint Louverture: A Black Jacobin in the Age of Revolutions by Charles Forsdick and Christian Høgsbjerg (Pluto/Wits University Press, 2017: Johannesburg) in The Thinker.
  • From the Outside In by Chris Landsberg and Lesley Masters (Jacana, 2018: Johannesburg) in The Thinker.
  • China and India’s Development Cooperation in Africa: The Rise of Southern Powers by Philani Mthembu (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018: London) in International Affairs.